BBC 2024-02-09 12:01:39


‘My memory is fine’ – Biden hits back at special counsel

US President Joe Biden has hit back angrily at an investigation that found he mishandled top secret files and struggled to recall key life events.

“My memory is fine,” he insisted in a surprise news briefing.

He gave an emotional response to a claim that he could not recollect when his son died, saying: “How the hell dare he raise that?”

The inquiry found Mr Biden “wilfully retained and disclosed” classified files, but decided not to charge him.

Department of Justice Special Counsel Robert Hur determined Mr Biden had improperly kept classified documents related to military and foreign policy in Afghanistan after serving as vice-president.

The scathing 345-page report, released earlier in the day, said the president’s memory had “significant limitations”.

Even as Mr Biden sought to rebut reporters’ questions about his age and mental acuity, he inadvertently referred to Egyptian leader Abdul Fattah al-Sisi as the “president of Mexico”.

Asked to comment on the latest in the Israel-Gaza war, he said: “I think as you know initially, the president of Mexico, Sisi, did not want to open up the gate to allow humanitarian material to get in.”

Mr Hur interviewed the 81-year-old president over five hours as part of the inquiry.

The special counsel, a Republican appointed to the role by Biden attorney general Merrick Garland, said Mr Biden could not recall when he was vice-president (from 2009 to 2017), or “even within several years, when his son Beau died” (2015).

At Thursday night’s news conference, an emotional Mr Biden lashed out at the passages casting doubt on his recollection of events.

“Frankly, when I was asked the question, I thought to myself, was none of their damn business,” he said.

“I don’t need anyone to remind me when he [Beau Biden] passed away.”

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He said he was “very occupied… in the middle of handling an international crisis” when he was interviewed by the special counsel from 8-9 October last year – just as the Israel-Gaza war erupted.

The inquiry also said Mr Biden had shared some of the sensitive material from hand-written notebooks with a ghostwriter for his memoir, a finding that the president denied from the podium.

The special counsel concluded it would be difficult to convict the president of improper handling of files because “at trial, Mr Biden would likely present himself to a jury, as he did during our interview of him, as a sympathetic, well-meaning, elderly man with a poor memory”.

Opinion polls indicate the president’s age is a concern for US voters ahead of November’s White House election. But Mr Biden told reporters on Thursday he was the most qualified candidate.

“I am well-meaning,” he said. “And am elderly. I know what the hell I’m doing. I put this country back on its feet.

“I don’t need his recommendation.”

Asked whether he took responsibility for having classified documents in his home, Mr Biden blamed his staff.

He said he didn’t know they had put sensitive memos in his garage, where the special counsel says they were located next to a dog bed.

A BBC reporter at the White House’s Diplomatic Reception Room described the atmosphere as tense.

When one journalist said the American people were concerned about his age, Mr Biden raised his voice in reply: “That is your judgement, that is your judgement.”

He insisted that his memory is “fine” and “has not gotten worse” during his presidency.

Mr Biden’s legal team also criticised the special counsel’s remarks about Mr Biden’s apparent memory lapses.

“The report uses highly prejudicial language to describe a commonplace occurrence among witnesses: a lack of recall of years-old events,” wrote White House lawyer Richard Sauber in a letter attached to the report.

The top secret files were found at Mr Biden’s house in Wilmington, Delaware, and former private office from 2022-23.

The discovery came after a separate investigation charged former President Donald Trump, 77, with mishandling classified documents following his departure from the White House. He faces a trial in that case this May.

The Hur report distinguishes between both cases, saying Mr Biden handed over the documents to government archivists, while Mr Trump “allegedly did the opposite”.

“According to the indictment, he not only refused to return the documents for many months, but he also obstructed justice by enlisting others to destroy evidence and then to lie about it,” the report says about Mr Trump.

Mr Trump, in response, said his classified files trial should be cancelled by the justice department prosecutor.

“If Special Counsel Jack Smith wants to do good for our Country, and help to unify it, he should drop all Litigation against Joe Biden’s Political Opponent, ME, and let our Country HEAL,” the Republican White House frontrunner posted on his platform, Truth Social.

Additional reporting by Rebecca Hartmann

Putin takes charge as Carlson gives free rein to Kremlin

Vladimir Putin lectured, joked and occasionally snarled – but not at his host.

Tucker Carlson laughed, listened – and then listened some more.

During the American’s much-hyped encounter with the Russian president, his fixed, fascinated expression slipped a few times.

Especially when Putin’s promise of a 30-second history lesson became a 30-something minute rant.

But for the most part, Carlson seemed to lap up what Russia’s president was telling him.

Putin was fully in charge of this encounter and for large parts of it his interviewer barely got a word in.

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Instead of pushing the Russian leader – indicted as a suspected war criminal – on his full-scale invasion of Ukraine and challenging his false assertions, Carlson swerved off-piste to talk God and the Russian soul.

Journalist Evan Gershkovich

The American had touted his sit-down with Putin as a triumph for free speech, asserting that he was heading where no Western news outlets dared to tread.

That’s untrue. The Kremlin is simply highly selective about who Putin speaks to. It will almost always choose someone who knows neither the country nor the language and so struggles ever to challenge him.

Carlson’s claim also ignored the fact that Russia’s president has spent the past two decades in power systematically stamping out free speech at home.

Most recently, he made it a crime to tell the truth about Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine.

Multiple critics – Vladimir Kara-Murza, Ilya Yashin and many more – are in prison right now for doing just that.

It was a full two hours into his interview before the former Fox News anchor asked about the US journalist Evan Gershkovich. He was arrested last year in Russia while doing his job and accused of espionage.

Carlson suggested Vladimir Putin might release the reporter into his custody, providing a trophy to return with from his trip.

What Putin gave was the strongest hint yet of what he wants in return.

He talked about a Russian “patriot” who had “eliminated a bandit” in a European capital, seeming to confirm previous reports that Russia is demanding a prisoner swap with Vadim Krasikov.

The assassin, a suspected Russian intelligence agent, killed a Chechen separatist in a Berlin park in 2019.

Putin claimed negotiations were under way and “an agreement could be reached”.

We already know those complicated talks are not new, involve three countries and likely at least two American prisoners.

Russian history lectures

The whole encounter in the Kremlin opened with a history lecture.

Putin wrote a long essay before the war that denied Ukraine’s existence as a sovereign state. He now appears to have learned it by heart.

He delivered his thesis, eyes burning with conviction, as Carlson’s own burned with boredom and disbelief.

For fans who managed to stay tuned any longer, the reward was a re-run of Putin’s top, twisted arguments.

He aired his regular grievance about Nato expanding east into what Russia sees as its area of influence. “We never agreed Ukraine could join Nato,” as Putin put it.

But it’s having an aggressive, unpredictable neighbour like Russia that’s led Ukraine to seek extra security.

Putin has always characterised the mass public protests in Kyiv a decade ago as part of a Western-backed “coup”, which they were not.

He also called the fighting in the eastern Donbas that Moscow provoked a civil war.

It’s all part of how Putin justified his full-scale invasion, almost two years ago – along with “de-Nazifying” Ukraine, which he claimed is still a work in progress.

Kyiv fiercely disputes every word of it.

At one point Putin insisted “relations between the two peoples will be rebuilt. They will heal.”

But I’ve met many Ukrainians who spoke Russian before the invasion and often travelled there.

After two years of unprovoked fighting and missile attacks, they’ve switched language in droves and tell me they feel nothing but hatred.

It’s just one example of how far Vladimir Putin is from actual facts and reality. Just like in February 2022, when he sent Russian troops rolling on Kyiv thinking they’d be greeted as liberators.

Ukraine peace chances

It seems Putin agreed to this chat from a position of relative strength.

The fighting in Ukraine has stalled. Kyiv’s allies in the West have been dithering over continued military aid, especially the US.

President Zelensky just sacked his commander-in-chief, talking of the need for a reset and renewal in the war effort.

The situation is precarious.

So there was plenty of swagger from Putin about how Russia is “ready for dialogue” and “willing to negotiate”.

He wants to capitalise on any hesitancy among Ukraine’s supporters and any doubts among Ukrainians themselves about going on fighting.

“Sooner or later this will end in agreement,” was Putin’s message, arguing that Nato was coming to realise that defeating Russia on the battlefield would be impossible.

It’s all classic Putin and Tucker Carlson let him roll with it.

Not all interviews need to be combative. There is merit in letting people speak and reveal themselves. But this one took that concept to the extreme.

None of Putin’s statements were challenged in essence.

None of the actual facts of his all-out invasion were presented to him, including allegations of war crimes in Bucha, Irpin and far beyond.

Nor did he have to answer for the “high precision missiles” that slam into homes in Ukraine, killing civilians.

The American did not push Putin at all on political repression at home, which includes locking up vocal opponents of the war in jail.

Excitement

The way Carlson was feted in Moscow was extraordinary. There was breathless coverage of his every move from the same TV hosts who usually rail against the West as a mortal enemy.

Like a spurned lover, suddenly given attention, Russia was excited.

And it seems Carlson was moved by his experience, too.

His interview, which included a question about the supernatural, ended with Putin talking about souls.

Both men fell silent for several seconds, before Russia’s leader broke the spell.

“Shall we end here?”

Carlson blinked. “Thank you, Mr President.”

Pakistan vote on knife edge as rigging allegations mount

Umer Nangiana

BBC Urdu

As the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) begins issuing results after a lengthy delay, Pakistan Muslim League N, Pakistan Peoples Party and the independent candidates backed by Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) are neck and neck in the race to win a majority in the national assembly.

The initial delay in the announcement of results – alongside the early unofficial results of ballots which were reported by local TV channels – prompted Khan’s PTI to claim they were leading on more than 100 seats.

The ECP, however, distanced itself from what it called “the unofficial, incomplete results” being broadcast by local media and blamed the delay in announcement of results on the suspension of phone and internet services by the government.

The entire episode has led to controversy around the election results being announced now by the commission as several candidates accuse it of changing the results.

According to election laws, the ECP was bound to announce the initial results by 02:00 on 9 February. If there was a delay, the results were meant to have been announced by 10:00, with the district election officers providing the commission with an explanation on what caused the delay to transmit results from their respective polling stations to the commission’s central office in Islamabad.

It has been more than six hours since the 10:00 deadline passed and we are not sure how long will it take for the commission to announce the final results on all seats.

The 1979 cult hit that shows an ultra-violent NY

Released during a period when New York was “the poster child for disrepair and abandonment”, dystopian film The Warriors came to appear more realistic than intended – 45 years on, it’s now a cult classic.
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The New York City of the late 1970s was in disarray.

Economic and political strife saw city workers laid off in their thousands. There was a huge movement of residents to the suburbs, which resulted in less tax revenue, and left New York on the brink of bankruptcy. There was constant crime, looting, and a sanitation strike that left huge piles of rubbish rotting on the streets.

“New York was a tough place to live at the time,” says Elizabeth Currid-Halkett, a professor of public policy at the University of Southern California. “There was a large restructuring of the global economy, a decline in manufacturing in our cities. New York became the poster child for disrepair and abandonment.”

After reports of violence at screenings of The Warriors, Paramount Pictures released cinemas from their obligation to show the film (Credit: Alamy)

This was the environment that Walter Hill’s The Warriors was released into on 9 February, 1979. Set in a dystopian version of New York that has eerie similarities to how it really was at the time, The Warriors revolves around the titular gang from Coney Island that attend a summit being held by Cyrus (Roger Hill) at the other end of the city in the Bronx.

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When Cyrus is murdered at the event, The Warriors falsely become the prime suspects. They somehow have to make their way back through Manhattan and Brooklyn to the safety of Coney Island, all while avoiding the other New York gangs that are after revenge.

“The fact that New York was much tougher in the late 1970s gave the film a plausible backdrop as the city was dangerous for folks,” adds Currid-Halkett. “Obviously that’s not the case today, as New York is so much safer. You couldn’t do it now. Just like you couldn’t do Sex and the City in the 1970s.”

The film follows a New York City street gang that is framed for the murder of another gang’s leader (Credit: Alamy)

The Warriors’ use of the city is all the more fascinating because Hill, who co-wrote the film with David Shaber as well as directing it, was about as far away from being a New Yorker as an American can get. Born and raised in Southern California, he was very much a “surfer dude,” insists journalist Jason Bailey, who in 2021 wrote Fun City Cinema, a visual history of 100 years of filmmaking in New York City. “He couldn’t make a realistic New York movie if he wanted to. Most of his early films are set in Los Angeles. They are very in tune with those streets. This is a completely different world.”

Sol Yurick’s 1965 novel, on which The Warriors is based, was set in New York so setting the adaptation there was a must. Hill was initially attracted to the material because of its similarities to the Ancient Greek poem Anabasis by Xenophon, which tells the story of a group of Greek mercenaries stuck deep behind enemy lines trying to get back to the Black Sea from Babylon.

An outsider’s vision

But while there are a host of directors from New York – Martin Scorsese, John Cassavetes, Spike Lee, The Safdie Brothers to name a few – who have shot the city with an eye and meticulousness that has made the bustling metropolis pop for viewers across the world, there’s also been plenty of outsiders who have brought the city to life in their own inimitable fashion, too.

“Some of the best New York movies are the ones that have been made by outsiders with an outsider’s eye,” explains Bailey. Examples include Midnight Cowboy and Marathon Man, both of which were directed by Britain’s John Schlesinger, The French Connection by Chicago’s William Friedkin, and Saturday Night Fever by British-born, Alabama-raised John Badham.

The 1977 dance drama Saturday Night Fever was set in a working-class neighbourhood of Brooklyn (Credit: Alamy)

“A lot of times, that outsider eye, it sees things that a local filmmaker who’s been around this environment their entire life might take for granted,” adds Bailey. “With The Warriors, shooting in the night-time and the way he lit it, he created a spooky imagery. There’s the way he uses the subway, too: he was able to play with the staging and composition and take advantage of it.”

As one of The Warriors’ location managers, alongside Alex Ho, David Streit was tasked with finding specific locations in Manhattan, Queens, and Brooklyn – a job he was very well suited to, as he was born and raised in the city and had previously worked as a taxi driver. “My job was to take the production into the most dangerous parts of New York and see if we could survive,” recalls Streit. “My instinct was to go dark and dangerous. New York certainly had a lot of that at the time. It wasn’t hard to find these locations. The film has a special view of New York that I’m proud of.”

In a book about the film, author Sean Egan said that, as opposed to other films of the time, ‘this movie portrayed life from the street gang’s point of view’ (Credit: Alamy)

Considering the atmosphere in New York at the time, it’s hardly surprising then that filming on The Warriors was repeatedly scuppered by locals. Some of these were by gangs themselves, recalls Streit. “There was one location where we weren’t welcome at all. The local gangs hailed us with bottles. We had to make a very quick production move to a back-up location.”

The Warriors’ night-time shoot also disturbed residents who were trying to sleep, notably when they were shooting the Conclave scene, where Cyrus speaks to all of the gangs. While this was set in The Bronx, it was actually filmed in Riverside Park on the west side of Manhattan. “There were people in the apartments nearby and we disturbed them. They complained. We actually paid them off so that they would stop playing their stereos so loud and not screw up the soundtrack,” says Streit.

It was five minutes into the future and showed what New York could become if it continued on its current path of high crime and social unrest – Jason Bailey

But while Hill was able to use the New York setting to the film’s advantage, it was never his intention to make a film that should be seen as realistic. “He never harboured any illusions that he was making a ground-level, semi-documentary snapshot of the city in 1979,” insists Bailey. “He saw it as science fiction, much like John Carpenter did with Escape From New York. This wasn’t envisioned as the present minute. Instead, it was five minutes into the future and showed what New York could become if it continued on its current path of high crime and social unrest.”

Of course, the clothes that each of the gangs wear are so stylised that viewers are repeatedly reminded how inauthentic The Warriors is. After all, The Baseball Furies go around wearing full Yankees uniforms, brandishing baseball bats, and their Main Lieutenant wears bright yellow face paint.

One of the gangs, The Baseball Furies, wear baseball uniforms and have brightly coloured ‘warpaint’ on their faces (Credit: Alamy)

“It’s almost like a musical without songs,” believes Bailey. “There’s a West Side Story grotesquerie to it. There is nothing resembling realism about the costuming of the gangs. It’s almost comical. That’s not social realism or a snapshot of the streets.”

But while it was far from his aim, Hill’s sympathetic depiction of The Warriors as a gang meant that a little bit of social commentary does slip through. To begin with, each gang in the film is made up of diverse members, when, in reality, gangs at the time were primarily segregated by race.

Shooting a film from the perspective of a gang, and showing that each character has a unique personality and is multi-dimensional, was also completely at odds to how other films of the era, like Charles Bronson’s Death Wish, and the news media depicted them.

During the film, The Warriors travel from the Bronx to their home turf on Coney Island (Credit: Alamy)

There’s even a scene towards the end of The Warriors where Swan and Mercy share a subway train with a group of people the same age, dressed in suits and dresses, wearing corsages, returning home from their prom. Then, when Swan (Michael Beck) and Mercy (Deborah Van Valkenburgh) make their way into Coney Island, both are envisioning a future away from New York and the environment that they’ve been brought up in.

“It’s easy to forget that the characters are teenagers. This is a reminder of how old they actually are and that the life they are living is due to various circumstances – their financial situation, how they were raised, and any number of other factors,” says Bailey.

The Warriors might have initially been met with scepticism by critics, but crowds flocked to see it. It ultimately grossed $22.5 million from a $4 million budget. But some screenings were beset with violence, and three killings were linked to patrons who had either seen or were about to see the movie. Paramount wound down its release, and after it left cinemas its popularity subsided.

But different generations just kept on returning to The Warriors, perhaps attracted to Hill’s virtuoso filmmaking and ability to make such a simple story so evocative, or the film’s non-judgemental depiction of gangs and youthful rebellion. Or, maybe, viewers just want to romanticise how dangerous and gritty New York was in the 1970s, especially when compared with how safe and sanitised it is now. Whatever the reason, 45 years after the film’s release, New York’s evolution into the wealthiest city in the world means that the fascination with The Warriors, its story, and its characters is only destined to grow for many more years to come.

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TikTok is embracing the food of ‘third culture kids’

TikTok star Jon Kung shares personal and whimsical recipes for third culture cuisine – think Chinese meatballs and spaghetti – in his debut cookbook, Kung Food.
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TikTok star Jon Kung is known for his whimsical, almost cartoonish, spins on food. He’ll take an enormous Shanghainese-style meatball packed with water chestnuts and five-spice, for instance, deep-fry it and place it on top of a plate of tomato-sauced spaghetti. Or he’ll whip up a bowl of Buffalo wing-flavoured shredded chicken and stuff it into wonton wrappers for a modern take on rangoons (deep-fried dumplings). Some might regard the Chinese American chef’s dishes as fusion, but for Kung, his food is staunchly and proudly third culture.

“Fusion was always a showcase of another culture’s cuisine for a dominant culture,” he explained. “Third culture is informed by a lived experience.” 

First coined in 1967 by sociologists Ruth Hill and John Useem who were observing expats in India, the term “third culture kid” arose in reference to people who were raised in a culture outside their parents’ country of origin and lack a singular settled place. “They are more cosmopolitan and move between cultures and countries,” said James Zarsadiaz, professor of Asian American history at the University of San Francisco. “They can’t answer this idea of where home is and there is this feeling of being decentred.” For some, it can be a disorientating process. “Third culture kids also experience identity crises, as they internally struggle in taking full ownership in any of the countries they have resided in, including their own passport ‘home’ country,” said Dr Angela Gwak, a psychologist at Revive Psychology in New York.

Kung grew up between three places: the United States, Canada and Hong Kong. He was first exposed to the term “third culture” when he was attending international school in Hong Kong and surrounded by peers with similar backgrounds. But he started applying the phrase in relation to food only in adulthood, after working in both American and Chinese kitchens around the world. “I was having problems fully accepting my identity as a Chinese cook,” he said.

His turning point was during the global pandemic, where he began to lean into his diverse upbringing. To synthesise his experiences, he started posting cooking videos online.

Boasting 1.7 million followers on TikTok and now based in Detroit, Kung quickly became an ambassador for third culture food during the lockdown, proudly slinging out whimsical dishes like salted duck yolk tomato sandwiches and dumplings in vodka sauce, but also simple, but comforting bowls of raw salmon over rice, which he considers one of his favourite combinations of all time. Viewers were drawn in by the food, but many stayed for his raw and personal voiceovers that frequently touch on topics like gatekeeping and cross-cultural cooking. Kung also infuses his own politics and personal life into his work. “I don’t believe in authenticity of culture, but I do believe in authenticity of self,” he said.

TikTok star Jon Kung recently published his first cookbook, Kung Food (Credit: Johnny Miller)

While the term “third culture” was coined in the 20th Century, it really entered the mainstream lexicon during the last two decades, according to Zarsadiaz. “You start to see a lot of millennials and Gen Z identifying with it.” Kung attributes the increased usage of the term to social media, mostly fuelled by Asian Americans starved for mainstream representation. “Without things like TikTok, Instagram reels or YouTube shorts, I don’t think this would have ever happened,” Kung said. “It’s allowed us to take the narratives back and literally speak for ourselves.”

According to Zarsadiaz, food is one of the most common mediums used to encapsulate the unique experience of straddling multiple worlds. “For a lot of my students who take my Asian American studies courses, food is often that gateway for them,” he said. “They might feel removed from their Asian side, but food helps them pinpoint particular moments in their lives.”

For Kung, those moments often hark back to his childhood. He associates spaghetti with cartoons, specifically comically large meatballs placed over saucy red pasta. “I used the avenue of Cantonese cookery to achieve a childhood fantasy,” he said of his Chinese meatball and spaghetti mashup. “Luckily, Cantonese cooking is pretty harmonious with Italian food.”

Critics of his work have balked at the seemingly random mishmash of ingredients or called him out for not adhering to traditional techniques, but Kung is a staunch believer of not putting recipes on a pedestal. In his debut cookbook Kung Food, which came out in October 2023, he writes about working at a restaurant in Macau and being stunned when he saw the chef make the sauce for Chinese dan dan noodles (spicy Sichuan noodles) with large scoops of Jif peanut butter. Pragmatism, he argues, is an inherent trait of Chinese cookery – and it’s one that he applies constantly in his own cooking, whether it’s making congee with leftover rotisserie chicken and rice, or preferring somen noodles because they’re so thin they cook in just two minutes. He also talks fondly about a relative who had a recipe book from the 1970s on how to make Chinese food in a microwave. “If you ever tried to make steamed buns, the microwave is unmatched,” he said. “It gives you really fluffy results.”

Third culture cuisine is ultimately an amalgamation of global influences, a rejection of the notion that there is one right way to do things. At the end of the day, Kung’s food – whether it’s curry mac and cheese or butternut ravioli with chilli oil – is an unbashful reflection of himself. “My interest in third-culture cooking has taught me that the only things any of us claim are our own stories, our own experience and our own memories,” Kung writes in the introduction in his cookbook. “Food and culture are constantly changing, and if we embrace that concept, we can keep the traditions we do have – both old and new – close to our hearts.”

This Shanghainese-style meatball sits on top of a plate of tomato-sauced spaghetti (Credit: Johnny Miller)

Spaghetti and Lions Head Meatballs recipe
By Jon Kung

Serves 4

Method

Step 1
Make the meatballs. In a large bowl using clean hands, combine the pork, tofu, water chestnuts, spring onions, cabbage, ginger, garlic, light soy sauce, dark soy sauce and five-spice until everything is very well combined.

Step 2
Fill a wok with oil to a depth of 3in/8cm and heat over medium-high heat to 350F/175C. Form the meat mixture into 12 equal-size balls and then gently, using a ladle, place them into the hot oil and fry until browned. Don’t try to cook them all the way through – you just want a firm outer layer for now. Set aside on a kitchen paper-lined baking sheet to drain.

Step 3
Make the pasta. Bring a large pot of water to a boil. Place the tomatoes in a large bowl and crush them well with your hands, then fill the can with water and add that to the bowl as well; set aside.

Step 4
In a very large frying pan, heat the olive oil over medium heat. Add the garlic and cumin, let them sizzle for 30 seconds until fragrant, then add the tomato mixture, oregano and cayenne and cook for about 5 minutes, until the tomatoes start to break down and the sauce becomes a uniform texture. Taste and season with salt.

Step 5
Add the meatballs to the sauce and cook, stirring occasionally, for 10 minutes, or until cooked through. In the last few minutes, tear the basil leaves and add them to the pan.

Step 6
As the sauce simmers, cook the pasta in the boiling water until al dente according to the package directions. Drain the pasta and add it to the pan with the sauce. Use tongs to toss gently, letting the pasta absorb the sauce for about a minute. Serve immediately.

(Reprinted with permission from Kung Food: Chinese American Recipes from a Third- Culture Kitchen by Jon Kung © 2023. Photographs © 2023 by Johnny Miller. Published by Clarkson Potter, an imprint of Penguin Random House.)

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