INDEPENDENT 2024-03-03 22:39:22

Revealed: Spy firm’s secret sex dossier on former Tory MP

Concerns about politicians’ security have intensified after details emerged of a sex smear against a female ex-MP recorded by a private intelligence agency.

The Independent can reveal that a secret dossier held by top private spies firm K2 falsely accused ex-Tory MP Charlotte Leslie of carrying out a “sting on six former lovers” to get “money and political support” from them.

K2 also stored information about Conservative grandee Lord Nicholas Soames, grandson of Second World War leader Winston Churchill.

Included in the 50,000-word dossier was an aerial photograph of Ms Leslie’s home, her address, intimate details of her love life, medical history and mortgage, as well as personal details including names and addresses of her partner, elderly parents and other family members.

Speaking to The Independent, the former Bristol MP said she was “disgusted” by the claims which she described as “clearly part of an orchestrated smear campaign” to defame her. There is no suggestion of wrongdoing by K2.

“The K2 files are a tissue of lies and smears,” she said. “To say I carried out a sting on ex-lovers to extract money is to accuse me of criminal conduct.

“To dig into my partner’s and family’s personal circumstances, addresses and work – and even our dog – is despicable and alarming. At a time when there is great concern about the threat to politicians’ safety, it is beyond belief that this kind of thing goes on.”

Ms Leslie and Lord Soames – given espionage-style codenames of “Lady” and ‘Knight” – have both been involved in a bitter row with Tory donor Mohamed Amersi.

Telecoms tycoon Mr Amersi was branded a “shady fixer for corrupt politicians” by former cabinet minister Sir David Davis in parliament on Wednesday.

Mr Amersi denied any wrongdoing and invited Sir David to repeat the claims outside the Commons chamber, where he would not have legal immunity.

A legal dispute between Ms Leslie and Mr Amersi arose after she blocked the donor’s bid to take over a Tory group which promotes the party’s Middle East interests.

The group is led by Lord Soames who sent a memo about Mr Amersi’s Russian business links, compiled by Ms Leslie, to Conservative HQ in 2021.

The controversial dossier held by global giant K2 – seen by The Independent – describes Ms Leslie as “flirty… a chancer… likes expensive hotel freebies”.

It adds that she is a “compromised figure” who gets cash from oil-rich states to “keep their influence over the UK”.

The file contains photographs and the location of the exclusive Ritz-Carlton villas in Bahrain where it falsely says Ms Leslie stayed in 2016 while on a political trip.

And it implies she did not tell the truth when she denied agreeing to appear on the Celebrity Big Brother TV reality show, stating: “Lady issued a partial denial… leaving open the possibility that she had talks with the producers.”

In fact Ms Leslie, who worked as a “Baywatch” lifeguard in her 20s, says she rejected the offer outright.

The private agents even spied on her pet schnauzer dog, Toby, claiming it was vital evidence of her relationship with her partner. The file contains two photos of Toby, who was involved in a separate alleged threat to Ms Leslie in the Amersi row three years ago.

In addition, the dossier questions remarks made by Middle East expert Lord Soames, a member of the privy council and former defence minister, after a trip to Syria.

The revelation about the existence of the file follows new measures this week to safeguard politicians. Three women MPs have been given bodyguards and chauffeur-driven cars over concerns about their safety.

The Home Office announced a £31m package to boost MPs’ protection following protests linked to the Israel-Hamas conflict.

And Rishi Sunak called on police to do more to guard MPs at home, while warning that “democracy itself was a target” at a hastily organised press conference in Downing Street on Friday night.

On learning of the K2 dossier, Ms Leslie sought advice from Metropolitan Police anti-terrorism officers who told her how to improve her security.

Mr Amersi, together with Russian-born partner Nadia, has given £750,000 to the Conservatives since 2017. He has given a further £1m to King Charles’ favourite charitable causes, which led to him dining with the then heir to the throne. The philanthropist has defended his donations as “access to capitalism”.

He is referred to at the top of the K2 files, which state: “Parties, Mohamed Amersi v Charlotte Leslie.”

Beneath Mr Amersi’s name, his lawyers are named as Carter-Ruck. Mr Amersi told The Independent he did not ask K2 to investigate Ms Leslie. “I had nothing to do with it at all, I have no idea where it came from,” he said.

Asked if Carter-Ruck commissioned K2, Nigel Tait, the law firm’s managing partner, said: “No, we never instructed them.”

The files start in 2021, the year Mr Amersi began a libel battle against Ms Leslie which was thrown out by the High Court last year.

An extraordinary K2 internal email dated 5 August 2021 says of Ms Leslie: “Playing the flirty Oxford graduate. Potential sources… said he [the individual is not named] had the names of six former lovers of Leslie who were victims of sting operations she had carried out on them. He said what she gets from them is money and political support.”

The identity of the “he” seeking the information is not given, or is redacted.

Another note records that she split from a former partner “while she was in hospital with complications” following surgery. K2 agents appear to be under orders to look for any damaging information about Ms Leslie.

“Search for evidence of her staying/partying in private villa in Bahrain prior to making positive statements about its human rights record in Parliament?” state the files.

She is a “compromised figure… a mediocrity. How much of a chancer is she?” says a note dated August 13 2021. An undated file asks: “Has the Lady done anything outside CMEC [the Conservative Middle East group that Mr Amersi wanted to take over] which evidences misconduct?”

One entry says: “Look at that Saudi trip she took, paid for by a benefactor in Riyadh.” Another adds: “Look into this more.’”

Another file says that in 2014 Ms Leslie was “forced to apologise for failing to declare £17,000 in donations. She blamed her dyslexia and was cleared of any wrongdoing”.

The extensive dossier also records that before her dispute with Mr Amersi, Ms Leslie was the subject of two unrelated threats to her and her family.

It recalls that in 2015 anarchists attacked her parents’ house in Bristol, where the then MP lived at weekends. It also notes that in the same year a Muslim convert was jailed for threatening Ms Leslie after a Commons vote on the Middle East.

Among the more bizarre entries in the K2 files is a forensic report on Ms Leslie’s dog Toby, which she shares with partner Andy.

It says: “Since 2020 Lady has posted pictures of her walking and cuddling a white dog. A very similar-looking dog features as her partner’s Twitter profile picture.”

The file duly includes two photographs of Toby. In 2021, shortly after Ms Leslie’s row with Mr Amersi erupted, Toby was at the centre of a separate incident.

Ms Leslie claimed she felt threatened in a series of phone calls from a Tory adviser, Carl Hunter, who offered to mediate between her and Mr Amersi and in one of his calls mentioned her dog.

Urging her to back down in the dispute, ex-army officer Mr Hunter told her: “You need to consider your position, as in being able to walk the dog at night and being able to sleep well at night. You are in the eye of the storm here and it’s you they seem to be after. You’re looking into a world of pain on this. It’s a volcano and he feels he’s got his armoured divisions ready to deploy.”

Mr Hunter denied threatening her and said he was sorry if his “genuine attempt to find a compromise had been misinterpreted”. Mr Amersi said he had nothing to do with Mr Hunter’s phone call.

The Independent contacted K2 for comment. Asked about the dossier, a K2 spokesperson told Channel 4 TV last week: “K2’s work was limited to public information only and no discussions were conducted with external sources including associates of Ms Leslie.

“The comments relating to her were made during the course of initial briefings to K2 employees and not source enquiries.”

The controversy over Mr Amersi has been reignited by a new book, Cuckooland, by investigative journalist Tom Burgis, which explores the Tory donor’s business dealings in Russia and his feud with Ms Leslie.

Sir David has accused Mr Amersi’s lawyers in parliament of committing “perjury” in their defence of him – an allegation denied by Carter-Ruck.

When Mr Justice Nicklin dismissed Mr Amersi’s libel case last year he challenged the “exorbitant” sum he had spent pursuing Ms Leslie in court and said taking repeated legal action against an individual could amount to “abusive conduct”. Lord Soames declined to comment.

‘Exhausted’ Queen to rest as Prince William and Princess Anne step up

The Queen is set to take a week off after completing 13 official engagements alone since King Charles was diagnosed with cancer, with royal observers suggesting the monarch will have insisted his “exhausted” wife Camilla should have a break.

The Queen has no royal engagements planned until the Commonwealth Day service on 11 March and will spend a few days of private downtime with her family before jetting off on a private flight tomorrow, the Daily Mail reports, with Prince William and Princess Anne reportedly set to undertake engagements as normal.

Nevertheless, a royal source told the Sunday Times that Camilla “has been buoyed by the public’s reaction” to her taking the reins in recent weeks, adding: “Although she was not expecting to find herself in the position of leading the family, the Queen is absolutely prepared to do whatever needs to be done for the institution.”

Camilla led the royal family at last week’s memorial service for King Constantine of Greece, after William was forced to suddenly pull out of the service for his godfather due to an unspecified “personal reason”.

Earlier, Kensington Palace responded to concerns regarding the Princess of Waleshealth.

Spanish woman raped during motorbike tour of India with husband

Four men have been arrested in India after a Spanish woman was allegedly raped during a motorbike tour of the country with her husband.

The woman and her husband were attacked on Friday night in the Dumka district of India’s eastern state of Jharkhand, where they had pitched their tent for the night.

The couple, who run an Instagram page documenting their journey by motorbike across south Asia, shared a video detailing their horrifying experience in India.

The couple, bearing visible bruises and injuries on their faces, recounted being physically assaulted and said the woman was raped by seven men.

“They beat us. They put a knife to my neck, and told me they were going to kill me,” the man, whose lower lip was swollen, says in Spanish in the video.

“Something has happened to us that we would not wish on anyone. Seven men have raped me. They have beaten us and robbed us, although not many things because what they wanted was to rape me. We are at the hospital with police. It happened tonight here in India,” the text on the video said.

Dumka police officer Pitamber Singh Kherwar said all the accused have been identified and the four arrested have confessed to raping the woman, according to the Times of India newspaper.

Police said a medical examination of the woman confirmed she was sexually assaulted, and the couple are being treated at a local hospital in Dumka.

The couple were partway through the biking tour across south Asia and had already travelled to Pakistan and Bangladesh. They were heading for Nepal after entering India through West Bengal, officers said.

They pitched their tents in a semi-forested area, some 2km away from the main road. After some time, around seven men entered their tent and attacked them. They also robbed them of their belongings.

The couple stopped a police patrol vehicle at around 11pm the same night and were taken to a hospital after being found with injuries.

The Spanish embassy in India is in contact with the local authorities and has sent a personal representative to the region, reported EuroNews.

The video of the distressed couple has gone viral on social media with many people expressing outrage. One user called it a “shameful and shocking incident” and a “nightmare”.

Bollywood actor Richa Chadha said: “Shameful! Indians are treating foreigners like they treat their own women. Shame on our rotten society.”

In 2022, close to 90 rapes were reported daily in India, according to data from the National Crime Records Bureau. However, the actual number is likely higher, as a significant portion of cases remains unreported due to a prevailing stigma surrounding victims and a lack of trust in police investigations.

The Independent has reached out to Spain’s embassy in India for comment.

Horner latest: Jos Verstappen takes aim at Red Bull team principal

Embattled Red Bull team principal Christian Horner returned to the Bahrain paddock without wife Geri on Saturday ahead of the first race of the 2024 F1 season and after hundreds of WhatsApp messages allegedly written by him to a female colleague were leaked.

He was cleared on Wednesday to continue in the role following an internal probe into “inappropriate behaviour” by the F1 team’s parent company Red Bull GmbH. He has always denied the claims

But just 24 hours later, messages and a number of images apparently exchanged between Horner and the complainant were sent from an anonymous email account to 149 members of the F1 paddock– on the eve of this weekend’s season-opening Bahrain Grand Prix. Horner’s wife, Geri, has arrived in Bahrain ahead of the race on Saturday and it is reported that she will be present on the pre-race grid.

Horner said: “I will not comment on anonymous speculation, but to reiterate I have always denied the allegations. I respected the integrity of the independent investigation and fully cooperated with it every step of the way.”

Follow the latest news from F1 below.

Health chiefs voice fears over MP’s move to cut abortion limit

Fears have been raised that proposals to reduce the abortion deadline by two weeks could inflict cruelty on vulnerable women and actually increase the number of pregnancy terminations.

The warnings come after Tory MP Caroline Ansell proposed an amendment to the Criminal Justice Bill to decrease the legal limit to have an abortion from the current deadline of 24 weeks to 22 weeks – with MPs set to vote on the proposals in due course.

But healthcare leaders and abortion providers told The Independent that Ms Ansell’s plans, which have gained the backing of a cross-party group of 26 MPs, were “incredibly cruel” and not grounded in clinical fact.

Dr Ranee Thakar, the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists’ president, said they are against any reduction in abortion time limits.

She added: “Only one per cent of abortions happen after 20 weeks, but these are often undertaken because significant foetal anomalies are detected or because of serious maternal health issues.

“Late recognition of the pregnancy or unforeseen changes in a woman’s personal circumstances can also mean women access a later term abortion. Regardless of the reason, we firmly believe that no woman should be forced to continue a pregnancy against her will.”

Dr Thakar called for greater investment in local abortion services to ensure women are not forced to endure lengthy waiting times or embark on long trips to access terminations.

Her comments come as MPs are also set to vote on an amendment to the Criminal Justice Bill next month that would see pregnancy terminations wholly decriminalised in England and Wales.

Jonathan Lord, medical director of MSI Reproductive Choices, the UK’s leading abortion provider, added: “When a couple get the awful news of a scan anomaly at 18-20 weeks, they are distraught and rightly want diagnostic tests.

“Those can take a few weeks, so reducing the limit to when these tests aren’t ready will pressurise this group into having to consider an abortion whilst they can, rather than wait for any reassurance that the tests may indicate.”

Dr Lord, who is co-chair of the British Society of Abortion Care Providers, warned that curbing the cut-off point could actually increase the number of abortions taking place, adding that it is highly rare for terminations to be carried out after 22 weeks.

But in these unusual cases, women are “often exceptionally vulnerable”, the consultant gynaecologist at the Royal Cornwall Hospitals NHS Trust added, citing examples of patients who are in denial that they are pregnant due to suffering extreme distress and cases involving young pregnant teenagers.

He also cited examples of patients falling pregnant after being raped, domestic abuse victims living in fear of their partners, and those with mental health issues.

“Forcing them to give birth would be incredibly cruel and reinforces the abuse some have already suffered,” Dr Lord said.

Explaining why she wants the abortion limit to be cut, Ms Ansell recently told The Daily Telegraph: “Our current time limit is an outlier compared with our European neighbours and my hope is this amendment will command widespread support across the house.”

In France and Spain, the cut-off point for an abortion is 14 weeks.

Professor Katie Morris, president of British Maternal and Fetal Medicine Society, added: “For the most vulnerable women in our society, such as those who suffer domestic abuse or rape as examples, being able to access abortion after 20 weeks could be lifesaving.

“For all of these women in complex and distressing situations we must have compassion and be able to offer abortion as a form of healthcare.”

Abortions can legally be carried out within the first 24 weeks of pregnancy in England, Scotland and Wales. But pregnancy terminations must be approved by two doctors, with the health professionals agreeing that continuing with the pregnancy would be riskier for the physical or mental health of the woman than having an abortion.

If a medical professional delivers an abortion outside of the terms of the 1967 Abortion Act, they are at risk of being prosecuted. Legislation passed in 1861 means any woman who ends a pregnancy without getting legal permission from two doctors can face up to life imprisonment.

Rachael Clarke, chief of staff at the British Pregnancy Advisory Service, a leading abortion provider, said: “These proposals are not supported by any medical bodies, are not based in clinical fact, and do not have the support of the British public.

“Members of Parliament should not be fooled by this predictable move from anti-abortion MPs to try and move focus away from the fact that they believe that in 2024, women should be jailed for having an abortion.

“In light of the roll back in women’s rights in the US, none of us should be surprised to see American-funded anti-abortion groups leading attempts to deny thousands of British women every year the legal abortions they need.”

Abortions can legally be carried out after 24 weeks in a number of highly limited situations, such as when the mother’s life is at risk or the child would be born with severe disabilities.

But government data shows abortions performed at 24 weeks or over only make up 0.1 per cent of the total – with 276 such abortions in 2021.

Louise McCudden, of MSI Reproductive Choices’ UK, warned curbing the cut-off for abortions would be “devastating for the small number of women in the incredibly difficult position of needing to consider an abortion at this point in their pregnancy.”

She added: “Women would be forced to choose between continuing an unwanted or dangerous pregnancy and risking criminal prosecution.”

Ms McCudden explained that women already tend to do the “lion’s share” of childcare and caring for relatives and we must “trust women to know what is best for their own bodies, lives and families.”

“Some foetal anomalies are not picked up until 22 weeks,” she added. “Forcing people to make a decision before they have all the information is heartless and, ironically, will leave some people feeling they have no option but to end an otherwise wanted pregnancy.”

Ms Ansell has been approached for comment.

The Algarve… but make it luxury. The ultimate indulgent break guide

What does a luxury break look like to you? Chances are, it involves a picture-perfect beach, with miles of golden sands and crystal-clear waters. Perhaps some secret coves, lush lagoons and picturesque villages too. Add in mouth-watering food, incredible local wine, state-of-the-art spas and a spot of designer shopping, and you’ve got all the ingredients for the ultimate, five-star luxury holiday – and you’ll find it all in the Algarve.

Located on Portugal’s southern coastline, the Algarve is one of Europe’s most popular holiday destinations – famously loved by families, sun-seekers (it enjoys over 300 days of sunshine a year) and golfers. It’s also the ideal location for a luxury break. Between five-star resort settings and Michelin-starred restaurants, world-class leisure facilities and one-of-a-kind natural wonders, you’ll find everything you need for a truly exquisite experience.

To help you settle on your perfect holiday, travel experts Jet2holidays offer retreats in more than 50 amazing destinations in their Indulgent Escapes portfolio, including the Algarve. From beachfront boltholes to rural retreats, each hotel in this outstanding collection boasts a five-star rating and is hand-picked for its superb location and service.

With breaks including return flights, generous 25kg baggage, and return private hotel transfers*, all with a low £60pp deposit**, these stays are tailor-made. Plus, you can enjoy thoughtful extras such as complimentary priority lanes passes at your UK airport, two in-flight drinks✝ and a £10pp onboard voucher✝✝, for the ultimate luxury package holiday. Each one is ABTA and ATOL-protected, while has been voted Best Airline – UK by Tripadvisor and Jet2holidays is Which? Travel Brand of the Year 2023.

Here, we explore the best luxury experiences in the Algarve, from five-star stays and Michelin-starred cuisine to soothing spas and blissful boutiques.

The very best holiday starts with accommodation to match, and the Algarve has a huge array of luxury stays to choose from, including intimate hotels, private villas and wellness retreats.

For complete indulgence, set your sights on the region’s selection of luxury resorts, all designed with total relaxation in mind – whether that involves a round of golf, a spot of fine dining, cocktails by the pool or some nourishment in the spa. Couples and honeymooners can enjoy clifftop hideaways featuring wellness centres, poolside cabanas and buzzy bars. While families might prefer to stay in a lavish apartment complex, complete with on-site children’s entertainment and babysitting facilities. All set against a backdrop of stunning sea views, of course.

The Algarve might be famous for its vast beaches and warm climate – but it also holds a reputation as a must-experience foodie destination. From seafood hotspots with incredible ocean views to award-winning restaurants and hidden-gem tabernas, there are gourmet experiences to suit every taste. Sample freshly netted fish in the picturesque port of Olhão, enjoy a meal with a view in Vilamoura’s glitzy marina, or tempt your taste buds in the many upscale options in Quinta do Lago.

Fans of grand gastronomy will be spoilt for choice, as the region has an impressive eight Michelin-starred restaurants – two of which have a coveted two stars. It’s perhaps not surprising that the chefs here are so inspired – such is the incredible array of fresh and local produce available. Grilled sardines are a speciality (there’s even the annual Sardine Festival in Portimão), while signature local dish Cataplana combines succulent clams with onion, tomatoes, seafood, white wine and sausage.

For a real treat, look out for fresh oysters from the Ria Formosa lagoon and octopus from the village of Santa Luzia – dubbed the ‘octopus capital’ of Portugal. And while it may not be fine-dining per se, you can’t visit the Algarve without trying one of its most famous dishes: peri-peri chicken.

There’s plenty to wash it all down with too, as the Algarve has four distinctive wine areas: Lagos, Portimão, Lagoa and Tavira. Best known for its red wines, you should also be sure to try the famous fruity digestif, Medronho, produced in the Monchique mountains.

Luxury is all about enjoying fabulous things, and you won’t be short on beautiful sights around here – starting with the miles and miles of blissful beaches. From the famous aquamarine waters of Praia da Marinha in the central Algarve to the dramatic golden cliffs of Albufeira’s Praia da Falésia, as well as the soft sands of Vilamoura, it’s easy to secure your slice of paradise.

To get a little more off the beaten track, hire a car (we recommend a sporty little number for the full luxury experience) and drive the spectacular coastal roads. Alternatively, head inland to the jaw-dropping mountain landscapes and whitewashed villages.

You could even charter a boat and explore the hidden treasures of the region’s coastline, coves and sea caves. Meanwhile, Ria Formosa natural park – a maze of canals, islands, marshland and beaches – is one of Portugal’s natural wonders and a protected haven for wildlife. It’s great for hiking, bird-watching and snorkelling. The coastal town of Olhão is the perfect starting point to explore the lagoon.

For total tranquility, take a ferry to Ihla Deserta — which translates as ‘deserted island’ — where there are no homes or cars, just one wooden building that houses a renowned sustainable restaurant.

Feeling energetic? Take a swing at some of the best golf courses in Europe, sign up for a surf school, or work on your serve at one of the many tennis courts.

Looking to pick up some unique souvenirs? Or perhaps to treat yourself to a few designer threads? The Algarve has plenty of opportunities for retail therapy, be that in upscale boutiques and large shopping malls, or historic markets and artisan workshops.

Trendsetters should venture to the designer stores of Quinta do Lago, or browse the fashion and jewellery stores at Vilamoura Marina. Faro, Loulé, Portimão and Albufeira all have shopping centres, and there’s even a large designer outlet, where you can browse well-known brands at discounted prices.

Perusing the Algarve’s vibrant markets is another must. With so many to choose from, you can buy everything from fresh fish, olives and cheese to hand-crafted jewellery, ceramics and antiques.

For another way to unwind, you’re never too far from a spa in the Algarve. The medley of luxury hotels boasts incredible wellness facilities, where you can relax with a massage, get a rejuvenating facial, glam up with a manicure, or soothe your muscles in a hydrotherapy pool, hot tub or sauna. Afterwards, order a sundowner cocktail by the pool, sit back and revel in the sweetness of doing nothing.

To make it even easier for you to enjoy the ultimate break in the Algarve, Indulgent Escapes by Jet2holidays provides the perfect luxury package holiday looking look after you at every stage of your journey through their VIP customer service.

Fly to the Algarve from 11 UK airports: Belfast International, Birmingham, Bristol, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds Bradford, Liverpool John Lennon, London Stansted, Manchester and Newcastle. To find out more and start planning your trip, visit Jet2holidays

*Unless otherwise stated.

**On bookings made ten weeks or more before departure. Full payment required by balance due date.

Excludes champagne which is payable. One drink per person, per flight. T&Cs apply.

✝✝£10 voucher only available on Jet2shop products, excluding cigarettes and tobacco, non-transferable for cash. One per person above the age of two, per booking. Cannot be used on the in-flight menu.

In the interest of the nation, the Budget must look to the long term

When the chancellor of the Exchequer rises to present his Budget in the Commons on Wednesday, he will be addressing two distinct audiences. The first will be made up of his fellow Conservatives, including MPs on his own benches, who will be hoping against hope that he can conjure up some stroke of genius that could save them and their party from the seemingly inevitable rout at the general election.

The other will be made up of the broad swathes of voters and their families, who have grown weary of a political process that has given them three prime ministers in as many years, without leaving most people any better off in any sense. On the contrary, per capita GDP has declined over the past year gone; NHS waiting lists are at record levels, and many local authorities have been cutting back public services for want of money. As every government surely knows, the purse of the nation is the key to the health of the nation.

Jeremy Hunt’s dilemma is that what may suit the interests of the first constituency is unlikely to do much to help the second, and vice versa. This is why, however difficult it might be for such a seasoned party operator as Mr Hunt – and for a prime minister who must know that the removal vans will almost certainly be drawing up at Downing Street as soon as the general election results are in – it is essential that, between them, they choose the latter.

What are fiscal rules and how will they affect the spring budget

On Wednesday the chancellor will present his final spring Budget before the next general election.

This will be one of the last opportunities for the government to set out its plans for the economy and increase the Conservatives standing in the opinion polls.

Jeremy Hunt has been keen to show that his party will be fiscally “prudent and responsible” and will not commit to any unfunded tax cuts.